- The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

    Collector Topics:  Foreign Use of the German Helmet

Photo:  Argentinean soldiers wear German helmets during the July 19, 1941 independence day celebration in Buenos Aires.

Foreign Use

Many countries adopted "German style" helmets in the 1930's as part of their military expansion efforts.  German made M1935 helmets were exported to a number of countries until the outbreak of World War II starting with the invasion of Poland in September of 1939.  When exported helmets from Germany were no longer available, many countries resorted to making their own helmets in the characteristic "stahlhelm" shape.  Some began to do so even before the outbreak of World War II.  At that time, the German model helmet was considered to be the most advanced design in the world and it quickly become a standard item for any country looking to modernize its armed forces.

A few of the many countries that have used German helmets including "German style" helmets based on their own designs are listed in the chart below.  Up until just a few years ago, some countries were still using postwar repainted German helmets in their police and fireman's organizations.  Many postwar German helmets were also used to equip home guard and reserve military troops from approximately 1947 until the late 1970's.


Wartime Bulgarian helmets have a similar appearance to German helmets. (Tom Watson)


Countries That Used German Type Helmets

Argentina Guatemala
Austria Hungary
Bolivia Ireland
Bulgaria Norway
Chile Poland
China Romania
Columbia Spain
Czechoslovakia Turkey





Each section of is divided into separate Information Tracks that outline important details, facts, and historical notes pertaining to steel helmets used by the German Armed Forces during World War II.  

Information Tracks are organized by subject matter and their content is directly related to the service arm or organization to which each topic is related.  Topic areas that bridge one subject matter to another are cross linked within each Information Track.

This Information Track provides historical facts pertaining to foreign use of the German helmet.  Individual links related to this subject are outlined below.

    Primary Topics

Foreign Use Main

    Collector Topics




Dome Stamps

Factory Production

Foreign Use

Helmet History

Liner Systems


Fakes and Reproductions

Rare and Unusual



This photo was taken in 1938 in a military barracks in Argentina.  The helmets are fiber parade versions in light green with decal on the right side (not visible in the photograph).  The helmet is believed to me of Argentinean manufacture.  Note the two soldiers wear uniforms and equipment patterned after German standards. (Diego A. Godoy / Argentina)  - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

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