German-Helmets.com - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945
|Index of Terms: A Basic Glossary for Helmet Collectors|
Abteilung: A term that refers to a detachment, department, or group.
Abzeichen: The German word for "insignia."
Adler: The German word for "eagle."
Aktiengesellschaft (AG): Referring to a joint stock company.
Allgemeine: Universal or general in scope, reference, or context.
Alluminum Liner Band Ring: A general reference to the first model M1931 liner band with and without reinforced side plates. These appeared in many transitional model helmet including the Austrian and German M1916, M1917, M1918 and M1918 ear cut-out, as well as the M1935 and M1940 helmets.
Amt: The German word for "office."
Abt. (Abteilung): Battalion
Compagnie (Cie.): A word meaning company. Often used in reference to mid- to small-sized companies.
Deutsches Arbeitsfront (DAF): The German Labor Front organization.
Deutsches Reichsgebrauchsmuster (DRGM): A designation referring to a registered design authorized within Greater Germany prior to May 1945.
Deutsches Reichspatent (DRP): An approved design that has a registered patent mark within Greater Germany prior to May 1945.
Dienst: The German word for "service."
Dome Stamp: A type of approval
stamp placed into the crown of helmets by various inspectors assigned to
each helmet manufacturing plant.
Eisen: The German word for metal or steel. See also Stahl.
Emblem: Emblem or “insignia”.
Fahrtruppen: Fast Troops.
Feld: The German word for "field."
Firma: The German
word for company or “place of business”. Often used in reference to large
businesses or corporate entities.
Futter: The German word for helmet
liner. See also Innenfutter.
Heeres: A German word meaning “Of the Army”.
Hersteller: The German word for maker as in “made by” or “produced by”.
Helm: The German word for helmet. See also Stahlhelm.
Hilfswillige: Auxiliary Volunteers.
Kinnriemen: The German word for chinstrap. The literal translation is "chin belt."
Kosaken: Cossack. Usually but not always a cavalry unit. Formed from Russian Cossacks fighting along side Germany.
Kriegsmarine (KM): The German
word meaning “Naval Combat Forces”.
Leder: The German word for leather.
Lifetime Guarantee: A type of refund policy that gives the buyer the opportunity to return a given item for a full refund at anytime during the life of the vendor. The premise suggests that vendors who provide lifetime guarantees are more reliable in selling authenticated artifacts than those who do not provide such a guarantee.
Luftadler: The word referring to the insignia of the Luftwaffe meaning “air eagle”.
Luftwaffe (LW): Air
Marine: Naval. Of the Kriegsmarine. For ground units often used with other unit terms such as Marine-Infanterie and Marine-Schützen. German naval infantry units were not elite ground troops like the US or British Marines, but were sailors and other naval personnel the German Navy no longer needed by late 1944.
Mint: Meaning unissued or unused. This term is frequently used when describing a near perfect helmet.
Ministerium: Ministry or administrative office.
The German word for “model” as in “Model 1935”.
Polizei: The German word for Police.
Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD): The German State Labor Service.
Reiter: Rider. Cavalryman.
Rotes Kreuz: Red
Schutzmarke: The German word for trademark.
Schutz Staffel (SS): Meaning “protection group” or “protection squad”. Also in the context of “protection organization”.
Shell: The outermost part of a helmet.
Sicherheitsdienst (SD): The security service organization of the SS.
Schutzstaffel: Protection Force or Defense Squad.
Split Pin: Best referred to as the small flat headed aluminum or zinc pins used to hold the leather to the liner band ring.
Split Rivet: The three rivets with
washers that held the liner band ring of a helmet to the outermost shell.
Stahl: The German word meaning steel.
Stahlhelm: Steel helmet
Sturmabteilungen (SA): The National Socialist “storm troopers” organization.
Sturzhelmabzeichen: Crash helmet insignia.
Unissued: Never used or supplied for
general wear. See also Mint.
Volksgrenadier: People's Infantry.
Waffen: The German word for weapon or “to be armed”.
Waffen-SS: The branch of the SS designated for field or military combat.
Wappen: Coat of Arms
Wappenschild: A word referring to the “coat of arms insignia” of a particular group or formation. This term also applies to the runic shield insignia of the Waffen SS.
Warenzeichen: The German word for “trade name”.
Werke: A word referring to “factory works” or simply “factory”.
Wehrmacht (WH): Armed Forces or “Combined Armed Services”. This term is frequently miss-used solely as a reference to the German Army of WWII.
Armed forces eagle or the “insignia of the armed services”.
|German-Helmets.com - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945|
Reichswehr | Heer |
Luftwaffe | SS