- The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

    Deutsche Polizei:  Landespolizei - State Police

The Insignia of the German Police

State Police Groups

Prior to January 1934 independent police groups (State Police) were organized in various parts of Germany.  These police groups held the responsibility for regular police duty in cities and townships in the 15 provincial territories of the German Reich.  With the advent of the National Socialist Party, police forces began to come under the direct control of the Schutzstaffel (SS).  It was Heinrich Himmler's intention to slowly take control of all police and security related organizations in order to manage under a single umbrella all national security issues in the Third Reich.  On 23 April 1934 new insignia was introduced for wear on State Police (Landespolizei) helmets.  This took the form of a large, white mobile swastika and the National tricolored shield of Germany.

Helmets were typically painted a light to medium green color, but many were also painted satin finish black.  The color changes and decal combinations were a direct result of the transition of the Landespolizei to National (Reich) control.  Prior to this time, the State Police were independently responsible for overseeing all police related activities within their own state.  There were 15 different independent State Police groups until all were integrated into the Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) on 28 July 1936. 

As Prussian Minister of the Interior, Hermann Göring playing an integral role in the early formation of the Landespolizei groups based on the formation of the same within the state of Prussia.  The Prussian Landespolizeigruppe "General Göring" was the model by which all other Landespolizei groups were modeled prior to their incorporation into the Order Police.  State Police groups were trained as paramilitary units and were often used to enforce the will of the National Socialist Party when needed.  Although associated with the National Socialist Party, many police officers at the time were not members of the Nazi Party.  The depressed economic state of Germany in the mid- 1930's reduced the amount of state support that most police forces were allotted.  As a result, many police members were slowly drawn into the National Socialist movement for the mere sake of obtaining much needed funding, support, and equipment to do their jobs.


Each section of is divided into separate Information Tracks that outline important details, facts, and historical notes pertaining to steel helmets used by the German Armed Forces during World War II.  

Information Tracks are organized by subject matter and their content is directly related to the service arm or organization to which each topic is related.  Topic areas that bridge one subject matter to another are cross linked within each Information Track.

This Information Track provides historical facts pertaining to helmets of the State Police Groups (Landespolizei) from 1933-1936.  Individual links related to this subject are outlined below.

     Primary Topics

Helmet Types

Helmet Insignia

Period Photos

    Deutsche Polizei




Feuerschutzpolizei (FSP)



Kasernierte Polizei


Landespolizeigruppe General Göring

Luftschutzpolizei (LSP)

Schutzpolizei (Schupo)

Technische Nothilfe (TeNo)

Wasserschutzpolizei  - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

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