Prussian Reichswehr soldiers stand guard at a military base in
Germany. Their helmets bear the black and white shield of
On 1 January 1921 the Weimar
Republic formed what became known as the Reichswehr and Reichsmarine
respectively. The Reichswehr would continue to exist until 1935 when
Adolf Hitler formed the Wehrmacht, which then incorporated the fledgling
German Air Force. During the early years of the Reichwehr, equipment that
had been left over from World War I continued to be used. Bearing in
mind the need to maintain an adequate military, in the mid and late 1920ís
the German government authorized the remanufacture of a number of steel
helmets utilizing the older World War I patterns. These included
variations that resembled the Model 1918 Steel Helmet (M1918) and the
unique M1918 "ear cut-out," the latter of which was popular with cavalry
troops as well as specialized infantry units. These early transitional
helmets were eventually phased out in favor of the newer Model 1935 Steel
Helmet (M1935) introduced in large numbers in 1937.
the 1920's and 1930's Reichswehr era troops serving in both the Reichsheer
and Reichsmarine were issued Model 1916 (M1916), Model 1917 (M1917), and
M1918 pattern helmets. These included a small number of World War I M1918
"ear cut-outs" as wells as remanufactured M1918 helmets in slightly larger
sizes. The liner systems used in these helmets continued to be patterned
after the three-pad type introduced with the M1917 model helmet. In an
effort to standardize the overall look of the Reichswehr, most of the
helmets were repainted using newer colors. These colors were lighter in
shade than those used during World War I and were void of their former
Helmets worn by
Reichswehr members also bore hand painted shields on the sides to denote
the German state to which the unit was garrisoned.
In 1924 the Reichsmarine adopted a similar design that depicted a shield
with crossed anchors. Many of the helmets formerly used by the Reichswehr
were repainted in 1940 when shortages in military equipment necessitated
that older models be upgraded and reissued to the Wehrmacht.
Each section of German-Helmets.com
is divided into separate Information Tracks that outline important
details, facts, and historical notes pertaining to steel helmets used by
the German Armed Forces during World War II.
Information Tracks are organized
by subject matter and their content is directly related to the service arm
or organization to which each topic is related. Topic areas that
bridge one subject matter to another are cross linked within each Information Track.
This Information Track provides historical
facts pertaining to steel helmets worn by the Reichswehr and
Reichsmarine from 1921-1935. Individual links related to this subject are
Wehrmacht Helmets Worn
The M1918 Ear Cut-Out.