- The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

    Deutsche Polizei: Schutzpolizei (Schupo) - Protection Police

The Insignia of the Protection Police

Protection Police

The Protection Police (Schutzpolizei) was a branch of the Order Police (Ordnungspolizei-ORPO) that was responsible for regular police duties within municipal cities and townships with populations greater than 2,000 persons.  Prior to 1934, Protection Police were organized as separate authorities in each land or state within Weimar Germany.  In January 1934 the National Socialist government began to reorganize all police authorities in Germany by placing them under direct national (Reich) control.  Heinrich Himmler was appointed by Adolf Hitler to be the commander in chief of all police organizations in Germany.  Thus began the association and close working relationship of the German Order Police and the dreaded "Protections Squads" (Schutzstaffeln-SS).

As a distinct police group, the Protection Police were responsible for regular police duties as one might be accustomed to in modern society.  This included general criminal investigations, traffic control, fighting street crime, and the host of duties typical of most police officers.  Within the larger Order Police structure various police duties were typically broken down into special units that were responsible for carrying out these activities.  Police units were generally housed in barracks and trained as military personnel as well as in standard police protocol.

The type of helmet most often worn by the Protection Police included the standard black painted M1934 light weight helmet bearing two decals.  These helmets were worn for both ceremonial purposes as well as during hazardous duty.  However, earlier World War I model helmets were also used as were M1935, M1940, and M1942 helmets.  Although the heavier combat model helmets were generally reserved for field operations, a number of these helmets were apparently available for Protection Police to use as needed.  Likewise, some police units also wore the M1934 medium duty helmet when available.  As a result, a wide variety of helmets were actually used by the German Order Police.


Each section of is divided into separate Information Tracks that outline important details, facts, and historical notes pertaining to steel helmets used by the German Armed Forces during World War II.  

Information Tracks are organized by subject matter and their content is directly related to the service arm or organization to which each topic is related.  Topic areas that bridge one subject matter to another are cross linked within each Information Track.

This Information Track provides historical facts pertaining to helmets of the Protection Police (Schutzpolizei) from 1933-1945.  Individual links related to this subject are outlined below.

     Primary Topics

Helmet Types

Helmet Insignia

Helmet Photos

Period Photos

    Deutsche Polizei




Feuerschutzpolizei (FSP)



Kasernierte Polizei


Landespolizeigruppe General Göring

Luftschutzpolizei (LSP)

Schutzpolizei (Schupo)

Technische Nothilfe (TeNo)

Wasserschutzpolizei  - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

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